DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE NITHART

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The German transcriptions and translation into French of the following documents are available on similar page "documents origine" on http://www.nithart.com

FIRST KNOWN SALE OF ESCHENTZWILLER IN 1322

On Feb 25, 1323, Leopold "the Superb", duke of Austria, confirmed to the Master of his Court, the knight Frédéric de Hus, the possession of the village of Escholtzwilr (Eschentzwiller) with all relating rights.

The village was sold by the knights of Trothoffen to the De Huss family in 1322. On this occasion,there was a dispute on who owned the gibbet just outside the village. Hans NITHART was among testifying witnesses.

As the feudal rules required that witnesses be well known people, aged and with good memory, it is probable that Hans was born around 1230/1260 and that the family was established there for several generations.

Original document:

vente1.gif (269621 octets)

SECOND SALE OF ESCHENTZWILLER IN 1418

On March 28, 1418, Catherine of Burgundy, duchess of Austria , at the request of lord Hardouin de Huse, confirmed the sale of Eschentzwiller with its inhabitants, to his son-in-law the knight Gauthier d'Andlau. Still to confirm that there was a gibbet, there were several witnesses, including Clewin and Ludwig NITHART who also refer to their respective fathers.

clewin.gif (150617 octets)

PAYMENT OF TAX (CENS) IN KIND IN ESCHENTZWILLER IN 1514

This document mentions Hannss N˙dthart (Hans Nithart) and Mathiss Nidhart (Mathis Nithart) Mathis is most probably the one who was a co-leader of the farmers' uprising mentionned on the last document.

Eschol1a.jpg (207301 octets)          Eschol2a.jpg (176780 octets)

Matthis Nithart

from Eschentzwiller, was a local leader of the farmers' uprising against abuses of church hierarchy which wide-spread over Alsace and South Germany around 1525. This document from Basel (Switzerland) where Matthis flew away with other leaders after the war was lost is dated April 5, 1526. They were expelled from the town as bandits, after promissing not to revenge from the bishop of Basel!

Copy of  document dated april 5, 1526:

matthis.GIF (26938 octets)

To note: Church registers in Eschentzwiller starts in 1581 (birth/marriage/death), enabling family tree without gap from around 1550 to to-day.

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