POSSIBLE ORIGINS OF THE NEIDHART NITHART SPELLING VARIANTS....

A THEORY AND TENTATIVE EXPLANATIONS

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Like for most names, a short definition can generally be found in most specialized dictionaries!

Thanks to Leopold Neudhart from Vienna, we have had access to a very interesting publication written by Otto STÖBER, titled NEYDHART - Eine kulturgeschichtliche Studie (published in 1958, Buchhandlung "Bucherhorn", Linz a/D., Pfarrplatz 3).

In the referenced publication, the author covers several subjects: - Where does the name  "Neydharting"come from ? -  An limited inventory of name bearers from year 777 to 1700 - - How the name developed variants over time.

As always, theories on name origins can be very controversial, especially when the author comes to the conclusion that the NEYDHART NAME COULD BE THE OLDEST OF THE WORLD...! 

The following text is a transcription of the introductory part of the referenced study where the author explains how he came to that conclusion. The original German text is available in the German version of this site:

pages 3 and  4 (partly) of Prof. Otto Stöber's book.

NEYDHART

A. Name research

  1.   What is the origin of the name NEYDHARTING ?

The name Neydhart was not created by chance. It is of Celtic and Germanic origin. It means, “ Strong in action/combat” or “firm/steady, determined, diligent/hard working, or found of hunting” . The root of this word is very ancient; it probably originates in the Atlantic civilisations. Its spelling somewhat changed over centuries and millenniums. The spelling is sometimes found as neuta, neot, niut, neozzo, niuzilo (Niuzilinga), Nezidhart, niezlius (lat.) or Neydhard, Nythart, or still Nydhart or Nythard, later Neitthart, Neidhart, Neidthardt, nitert, Naytert, Neuthard, Neuthart, Nitard, nittard, Nidhart, Nihithard, Nyhard.(and in Anglo-Saxon the name becomes Nidhaerd).

The form “nit” (masculine) is sometimes replaced by the form “nid” (feminine). In the ancient rules of the Arians (indo-Germanic) “nid” means the mother-goddess. That is why in Austria and South Germany there are among the ‘Rauhnächten’ some ‘Nidelnacht’, which means “the night of the mother” of the goddess Vulva full of life, whose preferred food is “nideln” which means milk cream, of which a small quantity is placed over the roof of the house as an offering to Frau Perchta that she will pick up in passing. 

Town halls and catholic parishes have agreed on the spelling Neidhart (feast on February 3) .However, the government of Ober-Österreich, after hearing experts (archivists etc…) has accepted a different spelling: Neydharting.

 This name sounds well. It is infrequent and is about to become modern again, after being in existence for centuries in Bavaria and in the Inn region (bayrischen Innviertel) where is was a traditional name. In Germany, there still exists the village of “Neydhartshausen” (nitharteshusen) Neidhardstal and some more; In Austria the name of the towns Neidhäuser (Schwarz) Neuratting (Ried I. Inkreis) and Neidnacherhütte (Reutte) are linked to the name Neydhart. 

It would be interesting, linguistically speaking, to follow the connexion  between the Celts and the Egyptians who  might have their origins, as well as the Mayas, in the Atlantis, island that disappeared in the middle of  the Atlantic ocean, because the Celtic sillable nit or neit,  means “the power of the sun”. The Egyptians name the goddess of war and later the sun Neïth, in particular in Sais, a town of the Nile delta. This goddess was male and female at the same time, self-reproducing. For this goddess, the fighting symbol was the Latos fish, a sort of carp found in the swamps. The emblem was a shield with intersecting arrows (or horses?) resembling  the sun discs of the Celto-germans. The Egyptians celebrated the sun disk  once a year during the “ feast of the lamps” in the Nile swamps where all towns  came out of the viscous darkness of the night , this was well described by Herodotus. Neïth  was later compared to  Athena by the Greeks.

It is possible to think that in the Celtic meaning of  “combat/fight” and “Sun eager for victory” identifies itself with Egyptian and Indian concepts. If we accept that, Neydhart would be the oldest name of the world!  

Stoebera.jpg (238963 octets)    Stoeblivr.jpg (492288 octets)

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Please, contact us if you come across other developments on this subject.

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